Thursday, August 8, 2013

Hybrid "pigoat"

Illustration Friday's topic for the week of Aug. 2 - 8/13 is "Hybrid" 

as suggested by Baris Sehri at:

Lets call this new hybrid a "pigoat".

Hybrid pigs! Pen and ink cartoon by Sandra Santa Lucia for the Banff Crag & Canyon newspaper 3/3/95

 a pig + goat equal a hybrid named "pigoat

Hybrid (biology)

In biology and specifically, genetics, the term hybrid has several meanings, all referring to the offspring of sexual reproduction.[1]
• In general usage, hybrid is synonymous with heterozygous: any offspring resulting from the mating of two genetically distinct individuals
• a genetic hybrid carries two different alleles of the same gene
• a structural hybrid results from the fusion of gametes that have differing structure in at least onechromosome, as a result of structural abnormalities
• a numerical hybrid results from the fusion of gametes having different haploid numbers of chromosomes
• a permanent hybrid is a situation where only the heterozygous genotype occurs, because all homozygous combinations are lethal.
From a taxonomic perspective, hybrid refers to:
• Offspring resulting from the interbreeding between two animals or plants of different species.[2] See also hybrid speciation.
• Hybrids between different subspecies within a species (such as between the Bengal tiger and Siberian tiger) are known as intra-specific hybrids. Hybrids between different species within the same genus (such as between lions and tigers) are sometimes known as interspecific hybrids or crosses. Hybrids between different genera (such as between sheep and goats) are known as intergeneric hybrids. Extremely rare interfamilial hybrids have been known to occur (such as the guineafowl hybrids).[3] No interordinal (between different orders) animal hybrids are known.
• The third type of hybrid consists of crosses between populations, breeds or cultivars within a single species. This meaning is often used in plant and animal breeding, where hybrids are commonly produced and selected because they have desirable characteristics not found or inconsistently present in the parent individuals or populations. This flow of genetic material between populations or races is often called hybridization.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hercules, a "Liger", a Lion/Tiger hybrid
The liger is a hybrid cross between a male lion (Panthera leo) and a tigress (Panthera tigris). Thus, it has parents with the same genus but of different species. It is distinct from the similar hybrid tigon. It is the largest of all known extant felines.
Ligers enjoy swimming, which is a characteristic of tigers, and are very sociable like lions. Ligers exist only in captivity because the habitats of the parental species do not overlap in the wild. Historically, when the Asiatic Lion was prolific, the territories of lions and tigers did overlap and there are legends of ligers existing in the wild.

Tuesday, July 16, 2013

Travel - not always happy

Illustration Friday's July 12th to 18th topic is Travel as suggested by Terry Runyan
"I began to cry, not  understanding why Nana had left me"
Pen and ink illustration above by Sandra Santa Lucia for the book "Wagging Tails by Dorts Stafford"

Many years ago in 1939, a little five year old girl boarded a train to North Berwick. 
She began to cry, not understanding why her Nana was sending her away from their home in  Edinburgh, Scotland. Her Nana had gotten off the train, and little Dorothy Margaret Stewart  ran to the window to see if she could see her but she must have hurried away. She was now alone in a crowd of children who were all strangers, a victim of the war headed to unknown families away from the target areas.

What some of the reviewers said:

Dorts Stafford's  Wagging Tails a must read

Saturday, March 23, 2013

Swimming and showing off for my Mum

Illustration Friday's word of the week is SWIM as suggested by Abigail Davidson 
"I went swimming in the pool that was built among the rocks, while Mum and Walt sat on the side." Pen and ink Illustration by Sandra Santa Lucia for Dorts Stafford's Wagging Tales book.

Thursday, March 7, 2013

The TALENT of Chess

March 1 to March 7 Illustration Friday's topic is: Talent suggested by Childrens Illustration

"Games - Chess":  Black and white Pictograph Communication Symbols by Sandra Santa Lucia/May/1988
Chess, a game of strategy and talent is a two-player board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid. It is one of the world's most popular games, played by millions of people worldwide at home, in clubs, online, by correspondence, and in tournaments. 

pictogram, also called a pictogramme or pictograph,[1] is an ideogram that conveys its meaning through its pictorial resemblance to a physical object. Pictographs are often used in writing and graphic systems in which the characters are to a considerable extent pictorial in appearance.
Pictography is a form of writing which uses representational, pictorial drawings. It is a basis of cuneiformand, to some extent, hieroglyphic writing, which also uses drawings as phonetic letters or determinativerhymes.

Saturday, February 23, 2013

The quiet whispering of nature

February 22 - Feb. 28/2013 Illustration Friday's topic is: "Whisper" Suggested by Diana Toledano

While hiking a number of years ago, up a winding trail leading up to the base of Mount Rundle, stands a tree quietly standing for all to see.
I stopped, took a picture recording the peaceful and serene gift of nature. From this photo  I painted the acrylic scenic below.

Serene, an acrylic painting, painted by Sandra Santa Lucia, 1983
"All of nature begins to whisper its secrets to us through its sounds. Sounds that were previously incomprehensible to our soul now become the meaningful language of nature." 
Quote by Rudolf Steiner 
Read more at: 

Tuesday, February 19, 2013

Mountain goats - dressed in a WOOLLY white double coat

This week's  Illustation Friday's topic for February 15 - Thursday, February 21st is — "Wool" as suggested by Claudea A. Larrauri

Mountain Goat pen and ink line illustration by Sandra Santa Lucia

Facts about this animal: Both male and female mountain goats have beards, short tails, and long black horns, 15-28 cm in length, which contain yearly growth rings. They are protected from the elements by their WOOLLY white double coats. The fine, dense wool of their undercoats is covered by an outer layer of longer, hollow hairs. In warmer seasons, mountain goats molt by rubbing against rocks and trees, with the adult billies (males) shedding their extra wool first and the pregnant nannies (females) shedding last. In the winter, their coats help them to withstand temperatures as low as -50 Fahrenheit (-46 Celsius) and winds of up to 100 mph (161 km/h). 
A billy stands about 1 meter at the shoulder and weighs about 90 kg. It has longer horns and a longer beard than the nanny. Adult males typically weigh between 45 and 100 kg, while females are usually 10-30% lighter. The mountain goat's feet are well-suited for climbing steep, rocky slopes, sometimes with pitches of 60 degrees or more, with inner pads that provide traction and cloven hooves that can spread apart as needed. Dewclaws on the back of their feet also help to keep them from slipping. 

 This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Mountain Goat". 
Did you know? that by inhabiting this extreme and remote habitat mountain goats limit competition from other ungulates and predation risk? 
Factsheet: Class: MAMMALIA; Order: ARTIODACTYLA; Suborder: RUMINANTIA; Family: BOVIDAE; Name: (Scientific) Oreamnos americanus; Name (English): Mountain goat; Name (French): Chèvre de Montagne; Name (German): Schneeziege, Bergziege; Name (Spanish): Cabra de la montaña, Cabra de las Rocosas.

Tuesday, February 12, 2013

…on stormy winter day Snoopy ran the race

February 8 - 14/13 Illustration Friday's topic of the week is "storm" as submitted by Karen B Jones

" Snoppy would only run pulling the sled if she was chase Dorts…" 
from Wagging Tales book illustration a ink drawing by sandra santa lucia/published 2009
This "storm" illustration is from Wagging Tales by Dorts Stafford, a delightful book about one of Banff's families through the stories of many four-legged friends. This particular illustration of mine portrays Dorts Stafford and Snoopy in the Banff Winter Dog Race down Banff Avenue. The sled which Snoopy pulled was built by Barrie, Dort's young son. 
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